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Published: 2014-10-30

High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) in Uterine Fibroid Treatment: Review Study

Mustafa Z. Mahmoud, Mohammed Alkhorayef, Khalid S. Alzimami, Manal Saud Aljuhani, Abdelmoneim Sulieman

(Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Salman bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia)

Pol J Radiol 2014; 79:384-390

DOI: 10.12659/PJR.891110

Background: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a highly precise medical procedure used locally to heat and destroy diseased tissue through ablation. This study intended to review HIFU in uterine fibroid therapy, to evaluate the role of HIFU in the therapy of leiomyomas as well as to review the actual clinical activities in this field including efficacy and safety measures beside the published clinical literature.
Material and Methods: An inclusive literature review was carried out in order to review the scientific foundation, and how it resulted in the development of extracorporeal distinct devices. Studies addressing HIFU in leiomyomas were identified from a search of the Internet scientific databases. The analysis of literature was limited to journal articles written in English and published between 2000 and 2013.
Results: In current gynecologic oncology, HIFU is used clinically in the treatment of leiomyomas. Clinical research on HIFU therapy for leiomyomas began in the 1990s, and the majority of patients with leiomyomas were treated predominantly with HIFUNIT 9000 and prototype single focus ultrasound devices. HIFU is a non-invasive and highly effective standard treatment with a large indication range for all sizes of leiomyomas, associated with high efficacy, low operative morbidity and no systemic side effects.
Conclusions: Uterine fibroid treatment using HIFU was effective and safe in treating symptomatic uterine fibroids. Few studies are available in the literature regarding uterine artery embolization (UAE). HIFU provides an excellent option to treat uterine fibroids.

Keywords: High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation, Leiomyoma, uterine artery embolization

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