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Published: 2015-01-28

Vertebroplasty of Cervical Vertebra

Kazimierz Kordecki, Andrzej Lewszuk, Magdalena Puławska-Stalmach, Paweł Michalak, Adam Łukasiewicz, Izabela Sackiewicz, Piotr Polaków, Katarzyna Rutka, Wojciech Łebkowski, Urszula Łebkowska

(Department of Radiology, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland)

Pol J Radiol 2015; 80:51-56

DOI: 10.12659/PJR.892165


Background: The first vertebroplasty was performed by Harve Deramond in France in 1984 due to a hemangioma of cervical vertebral body. Procedure technique consisted of inserting a needle through the bony palate of the oral cavity. Bone cement injected under pressure not only fills the areas of bone loss. The heat released in the process of crystallization causes denaturation of pathological tissue proteins (metastasis) and disrupts blood supply (hemangiomas). The aim of this study was to evaluate the method of treatment from anterolateral access.
Material and Methods: In the years 2007–2012 the procedure was performed in 6 men and 9 women aged from 42 to 71 years (mean age: 56.3 years). In 10 cases the reason for vertebroplasty was the vertebral hemangioma, in another 4 – pathological vertebral fractures due to metastases, and in one case – multiple myeloma. Procedures were performed from anterolateral access, under local anesthesia, under x-ray guidance (fluoroscopy). Bone needle was inserted into the vertebral body, followed by injection of PMMA cement.
Results: In 100% cases pain relief was observed immediately after the procedure and beneficial therapeutic effect was obtained. No life-threatening complications and clinical symptoms were observed. Average length hospital stay amounted to 2.9 days.
Conclusions: Cervical spine vertebroplasty from anterolateral access seems to be a safe, effective and beneficial method of treatment. It reduces the risk of infection in comparison to the transoral method.

Keywords: Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vertebroplasty



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